Original Research

Prognostic value of AIMS65 score in cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding

Abstract

Background: In cirrhotic patients, variceal bleeding remains a major cause of death. After a variceal bleeding episode, mortality and rebleeding rates spike for the first 6 weeks before levelling off. We aimed to evaluate the performance of AIMS65 score in comparison with Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in predicting 6-week mortality and rebleeding in cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding.

Method: Data were collected prospectively from patients with cirrhosis and variceal bleeding at Gastroenterology and Hepatology Department of Cho Ray hospital from September 2016 to April 2017. The primary endpoint was 6-week mortality and rebleeding. The prognostic value of AIMS65, CTP, and MELD scoring systems for 6-week mortality and rebleeding was compared by receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC) and the area under the curve (AUC).

Results: Among 80 patients, 15% rebled and 25% died during 6-week follow-up. AUCROC of AIMS65, CTP, and MELD scores in predicting 6-week rebleeding were 0.68, 0.54, and 0.48, respectively. AUCROC of AIMS65, CTP, and MELD scores in predicting 6-week mortality were 0.80, 0.74, and 0.64, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of AIMS65 score at the cutoff point of 2 were 95%, 55%, 41.3%, and 97%, respectively.

Conclusion: AIMS65 score is a simple yet applicable tool for risk stratification in cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding. We recommend using AIMS65 score with a cut-off point of 2 to identify patients at increased risk for 6-week mortality after variceal bleeding.

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