A 63–year–old female with bilateral renal artery stenosis – highlights on diagnosis and optimal medical treatment

Case Study


Renal artery stenosis is responsible for approximately 75% of secondary hypertensive cases. A 63-year-old female patient with uncontrolled hypertension and other comorbidities including type 2 diabetes mellitus and knee osteoarthritis presented with drastically raised systolic blood pressure in this case report (220 mmHg). Bilateral abdominal bruits were detected upon of physical examination. Imaging investigation showed significant bilateral atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. An optimal combination of antihypertensive agents mainly with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, other than interventional revascularization, was applied and resulted in controlled blood pressure. 

Graphical abstract